A gynecologist is a physician who focuses on the female reproductive system and specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive organs. The word “gynecology” comes from the Greek gyno, gynaikos meaning woman + logia meaning study, so gynecology literally is the study of women. These days gynecology is focused largely on disorders of the female reproductive organs.
Our gynecologist deals with a wide range of issues, including menstruation and fertility issues, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), hormone disorders, and others. In the United States, some women prefer to visit a gynecologist for a well-woman exam rather than a primary care internal medicine doctor for general health issues. The gynecologist may then refer the patient to another specialist.
To become a gynecologist, a person must train first as a doctor for 4 years, then specialize for another 4 years in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. Passing a further examination will enable them to be certified and registered. A qualified gynecologist should be certified by an examining body, such as the American Board of Gynecologists (ABOG) and registered by a professional organization, such as the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).